19 Feb How to overcome separation anxiety
Pet Behaviour #4 – How to overcome separation anxiety
Separation anxiety can affect dogs in differing degrees. Dogs are naturally very social and love spending time with you, so leaving them alone for long periods of time can cause them to become upset and stressed.
Making a big fuss of them before you go to work and when you come back can actually increase the likelihood of your dog experiencing separation anxiety. This behaviour effectively rewards your dog’s concern over your absence, so as tempting as it is, try to make leaving and coming home a fuss-free zone.
Before taking steps to help your dog overcome separation anxiety, you should establish whether your dog is suffering true or simulated separation anxiety. Simulated separation anxiety is a behaviour that your dog has learned; your dog knows that bad behaviour will be rewarded with attention. Rather than real stress, this misbehaviour can be improved with consistent obedience training, exercise and strong leadership.
Causes of separation anxiety
Your dog’s separation anxiety will typically stem from a change of routine. Here are some common reasons for your dog becoming anxious when you’re out:
- your dog isn’t used to being left alone
- your dog isn’t used to being away from a specific person
- your dog is anxious about something – for example, the ringing of the doorbell
- your dog feels particularly vulnerable and is easily spooked – for example by the weather
- their house companion dies
- your dog is bored
- your dog needs to release pent-up energy
How it affects your pet
Your dog’s anxiety may be obvious before you go out, for example with excessive panting or pacing, or when you get home, if they are overly excited about seeing you or wet from excessive drinking or salivating.
However, most of your dog’s symptoms will happen when you are gone. This can include:
- increased heart and breathing rate
- frenzied activity
- barking, whining or howling
- destroying shoes or toys
- scratching or chewing at doorframes, walls and floors
- jumping up at windows
- attempting to escape
Preventative training methods
The best way to prevent separation anxiety is to teach your dog from a puppy. If he is used to spending time alone he will be calm and patient, instead of it coming as a shock and causing stress.
Discipline is key for training your dog and it will take time for him to become used to a new routine. Start off by teaching your dog to sit or lie for increasingly longer periods while you move away. In the beginning you’ll need to stay within eyesight to prevent any anxiety symptoms, but as your dog becomes more confident and patient, you can gradually start moving around the house and even leaving the house for short periods of time.
Using stair gates can make the process easier on your dog, as it keeps them at a distance without shutting them away completely. This method is fantastic if you don’t want your dog going into certain rooms while you’re out. Putting your dog’s bed and favourite toys in with him will make him feel more comfortable and put him at ease, as well as alleviating boredom. Leaving a radio on can also help your dog’s loneliness. As well as providing a human voice for company, it can prevent outside noises from startling him.
Ultimately, separation anxiety can be prevented with obedience training at a young age, but time and patience can also help older dogs become more at ease with being left alone.